Are HIV and AIDS the same thing?

No they are not. HIV [Human Immunodeficiency Virus] is having the viral infection only without serious damage to your immune system or other parts of your body. AIDS [Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome]  is when your immune system weakens significantly and needs help to fight infections and other diseases. When your CD4 count is 200 and less or you have an AIDS related condition you are diagnosed with AIDS.