Will the baby be born with HIV?

The best chances for the baby not getting HIV from the mother is when the mother takes antiretroviral [ARV] medications from early during pregnancy, as prescribed all the time and does not breastfeed the baby at all.

TRANSMISSION MODE

Without ARVs

With ARVs

Pregnancy and delivery

15% - 25%

2% - 10%

Breastfeeding until 18 to 24 months

10% - 20%

10% - 20%

Overall risk of Mother–to child-transmission

30% - 45%

15%-30%

Breastfeeding as proportion of all the overall risk of Mother–to child-transmission

40%

67%

PMTCT + : Implementation guidelines for health Workers. June 2006 Page 2