Male circumcision can reduce the risk of female-to-male sexual transmission of HIV, but should not be used as the only risk reduction method. Circumcision involves removal of the foreskin on the penis, as shown in the drawing below. Circumcisions can be performed on babies or on adults but should only be done by trained doctors at a health facility.
- Circumcision has NOT been shown to reduce the risk of male-to-female sexual transmission of HIV.
- Studies are ongoing to see if circumcision affects male-male sexual transmission of HIV.
- Circumcision is not recommended for men living with HIV.
- It is important to use condoms and get tested for HIV even if the man is circumcised.