Post Exposure Prophylaxis

Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV refers to the use of a combination of antiretroviral drugs to prevent HIV infection in persons at risk. Risk factors include: Needle stick injury, Sexual assault.

Important points:

  • Must be commenced within 72 hrs of exposure- earlier is better
  • Are not indicated if the source patient is HIV Negative
  • Are not indicated if the person exposed is already HIV positive
  • Are indicated for exposure to an unknown source or a known HIV positive source
  • Are not indicated for exposure to

http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/guidelines/arv2013/December2014-ARVsupplement-chap5.pdf